Download e-book for kindle: A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

ISBN-10: 0691134529

ISBN-13: 9780691134529

On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed awesome ethnic and cultural variety one of the predicted thirty million humans residing inside of its borders. It used to be possibly the main cosmopolitan kingdom within the world--and almost certainly the main risky. a quick historical past of the past due Ottoman Empire now offers students and basic readers a concise heritage of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by way of brilliant social swap. relocating prior average remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes large old traits and approaches greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He appears heavily on the socioeconomic adjustments this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this background is not just necessary to comprehending glossy Turkey, yet is necessary to the histories of Europe and the area. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to lifestyles in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial documents and different files from the interval to explain it because it truly was once, no longer because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a short historical past of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for somebody looking to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the realm nonetheless grapples with at the present time.

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289. indd 14 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 15 Egypt, the Mamluks of Baghdad expanded the area under their direct or indirect rule. In time, the area from Basra to Mosul fell under the control of semi-autonomous Mamluk governors allied to a powerful Mamluk bureaucratic class in Baghdad. The last Mamluk governor of Baghdad, Davud Pasha, was not defeated by the central government until 1831. 25 In southern Albania and northern Epirus, Ali Pasha of Tepelenë, a former brigand whose ruthless regime Lord Byron described as “lawless law,”26 enjoyed a similar autonomy verging on independence.

Abd al-Qādir al-

Indd 20 8/23/2007 8:16:00 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 21 (the divanî share), the control of a huge part of the empire’s agricultural land by charitable institutions represented a serious limitation on state revenue. Sultan Mustafa III once remarked that his forefather Bayezid II (r. ”40 Beginning in the nineteenth century, the state strove to centralize the administration of pious foundations (eventually through the Ministry of Imperial Pious Foundations, established in 1826), and sought to transform vast amounts of land into state property by recourse to sometimes dubious legal arguments.

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A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

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