By Jean-Louis Tassoul
This publication presents a accomplished review of the heritage of principles in regards to the sunlight and the celebrities, from antiquity to fashionable instances. theoretical astrophysicists who've been lively within the box because the early Sixties inform the tale in fluent prose. approximately half the booklet covers lots of the theoretical learn performed from 1940 to the shut of the 20th century, a wide physique of labor that has up to now been little explored via historians.
the 1st bankruptcy, which outlines the interval from approximately 3000 B.C. to 1700 A.D., exhibits that at each level in background people have had a selected knowing of the solar and stars, and that this has consistently advanced over the centuries. subsequent the authors systematically tackle the sizeable mass of observations astronomy gathered from the early 17th century to the early 20th. the remainder 4 chapters learn the heritage of the sector from the physicists point of view, the emphasis being on theoretical paintings from the mid-1840s to the overdue 1990s--from thermodynamics to quantum mechanics, from nuclear physics and magnetohydrodynamics to the awesome advances via to the overdue Sixties, and eventually, to more moderen theoretical paintings. meant customarily for college students and lecturers of astronomy, this booklet can also be an invaluable reference for working towards astronomers and scientifically curious common readers.
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Additional resources for A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics
7 The principle was verified experimentally for sound by the 7 From 1835 to 1847, Doppler was a professor at what is now the Czech Technical University in Prague. In 1992, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of his discovery, that institution published an interesting book entitled The Phenomenon of Doppler, edited by I. Štoll. This book, which presents a detailed picture of the life and times of Doppler, also contains the reproduction of an oil painting and rare daguerreotypes of that too little known scientist.
5 meters, then his evaluation of the earth’s radius is about one percent in error. This good agreement with modern values is perhaps fortuitous, however, since both the angle (7◦ ) and the distance (5,000 stadia) have obviously been rounded. Hipparchus improved on Aristarchus’ method and made a satisfactory estimate of the distance of the moon by observing the angular diameter of the earth’s shadow at the distance of the moon during an eclipse. 5 The shadow cone of the earth during a lunar eclipse (not to scale).
Subsequently, the Dominican friar Albertus Magnus (c. 1200–1280), also known as Albert of Cologne, and the scholastic philosopher Albert of Saxony (c. 1316–1390) developed various arguments in defense of the idea that the sun illuminated the planets. Among other problems, they had to explain how the planets could appear visibly different and yet receive their light from the same source. Albert of Saxony coped with this problem by assuming that the solar light can penetrate the diaphanous planetary matter, each planet differing in its ability to absorb light.
A Concise History of Solar and Stellar Physics by Jean-Louis Tassoul