By Alistair Jones
This A-Z advisor explains the foremost strategies and associations associated with the ecu Union, besides short biographies of the prime figures with regards to the basis and improvement of the ecu. it will let scholars to hyperlink the various theoretical options with the folk who brought them. The e-book comes in handy in discerning among the British and ecu Parliaments -- scholars usually confuse a number of the thoughts of the ecu with these of the British executive, and the definitions during this thesaurus will display that the our bodies have differing roles to play in lots of features in their life.
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Additional resources for A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries)
Directives are binding on all member states of the European Union. There is flexibility in the way in which member states can implement a directive. However, the aims and objectives of the legislation must be achieved. 40 THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z Director-General The head of a Directorate-General (see Table D3) and similar to the senior civil servant in a government department in that he/she reports to a Commissioner. Some Directors-General, however, report to more than one Commissioner. Table D3 The Directorates-General of the Commission and their Directors-General (April 2007) Directorates-General Directors-General Agriculture and Rural Development Budget Competition Development Economic and Financial Affairs Education and Culture Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities Enlargement Enterprise and Industry Environment EuropeAid – Co-operation Office External Relations Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Health and Consumer Protection Humanitarian Aid Informatics Information Society and Media Internal Market and Services Interpretation Joint Research Centre Justice, Freedom and Security Personnel and Administration Regional Policy Research Taxation and Customs Union Trade Translation Transport and Energy Jean-Luc Demarty Luis Romero Requena Philip Lowe Stefano Manservisi Klaus Regling Odile Quintin Nikolaus van der Pas Michael Leigh Heinz Zourek Mogens Peter Carl Koos Richelle Eneko Landaburu Fokion Fotiadis Robert Madelin António Cavaco Francisco García Morán Fabio Colasanti Jörgen Holmquist Marco Benedetti Roland Schenkel Jonathan Faull Claude Chêne Dirk Ahner José Manuel Silva Rodríguez Robert Verrue David O’Sullivan Juhani Lönnroth Mattias Ruete THE EUROPEAN UNION A–Z 41 Directorate-General Each Directorate-General (DG) is responsible for a key policy area (see Table D3), some of which are tied to a specific member of the Commission.
Eligibility for membership is dependent upon having experience of control over public funds. The Council of Ministers and the European Parliament have to approve all appointments. The Court of Auditors produces a report on the budget every year. It examines how money has been spent and the extent to which goals have been achieved. In practice, this effectively means fighting potential fraud in the EU. Court of First Instance This body was created to assist the Court of Justice in 1988. The Court of First Instance deals with matters of fact, as opposed to legal interpretation.
A Commissioner may have more than one DG within their portfolio, while a Director-General may report to more than one Commissioner. What is of note is that the DG labels do not directly correspond to the different portfolios of the Commission. While there is some overlap, it can be difficult, at first sight, to work out which DG reports to which Commissioner (compare Table C1 with Table D3). double majority voting This system of voting has been utilised by the Council of Ministers since November 2004 (although it was agreed at the Treaty of Nice in 2001).
A Glossary of the European Union (Politics Glossaries) by Alistair Jones