Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A - download pdf or read online

By Institute of Medicine

ISBN-10: 0309130441

ISBN-13: 9780309130448

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Additional resources for Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Realistic Assessment of the Challenge: Workshop Summary

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Without a vaccine and without early, accurate case detection and proper treatment, the MDR/XDR TB epidemic will be driven by transmission. 37 MDR TB TRANSMISSION Number of Patients (in thousands) 500 Estimated 489,000 new MDR TB cases each year 400 300 443 407 Estimated new, untreated cases Non-GLC cases 403 427 407 200 GLC cases 100 0 1 2004 21 16 16 2 2005 36 34 10 12 2007 2008 2 2006 Year FIGURE 3-1 MDR TB burden and patients in treatment. NOTES: The bars represent the number of new MDR TB cases in each year.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2008a. Global tuberculosis control 2008: Surveillance, planning, financing. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. WHO. 2008b. Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in the world, fourth global report by the WHO/IUATLD Global project on anti-tuberculosis drug resistance surveillance. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. WHO. 2008c. TB/HIV facts. pdf (accessed February 17, 2009). Zintl, P. 2008. Speaker ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� presentation at the Institute of Medicine Workshop on Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Washington, DC, November 5.

NOTE: As of 2006 China had about 131,000 cases per year, India about 110,000, and the Russian Federation about 36,000. SOURCE: Nunn, 2008 (based on data from WHO, 2008b). Figure 2-3 R01436 fully editable 110,000, and the Russian Federation about 36,000 (see Figure 2-3). South Africa is a close fourth (WHO, 2008b). While a significant number of new TB cases are being diagnosed as MDR, most MDR TB occurs in previously treated patients. The incidence of MDR TB among previously treated patients is particularly high in Eastern Europe and in the eastern Mediterranean.

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Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Realistic Assessment of the Challenge: Workshop Summary by Institute of Medicine


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