Agent-Based Computational Demography: Using Simulation to by Francesco C. Billari, Alexia Prskawetz PDF

By Francesco C. Billari, Alexia Prskawetz

ISBN-10: 3790815500

ISBN-13: 9783790815504

ISBN-10: 3790827150

ISBN-13: 9783790827156

Agent-Based Computational Demography (ABCD) goals at beginning a brand new circulate of analysis between social scientists whose pursuits lie in realizing demographic behaviour. The ebook takes a micro-demographic (agent-based) standpoint and illustrates the prospects of laptop simulation as an relief in concept development. The chapters of the e-book, written by way of best specialists both in demography or in agent-based modelling, deal with a number of key questions. Why can we desire agent-based computational demography? How can ABCD be utilized to the examine of migrations, relations demography, and historic demography? What are the peculiarities of agent-based versions as utilized to the demography of human populations? ABCD is of curiosity to all scientists attracted to learning demographic behaviour, in addition to to machine scientists and modellers who're searching for a promising box of application.

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Extra info for Agent-Based Computational Demography: Using Simulation to Improve Our Understanding of Demographic Behaviour

Example text

This is not to deny the immense scientific value of the work as an empirical , descriptive study . And, in Coal e's mind, description may well have been its central aim . Recall the 3 Only in 1997 has a serious effort been made to do this. Sec Lesthaeg hc and Vandcrhoeft [25]. 26 Burch, T. K. quote cited earlier: 'tracing the decl ine of fertility more systematically.. 7], emphasis added. But theory did not flow from the data ; the methodological stance was such that theory would How from universal empirical generalizations , and these were not forth coming.

2001) : Viral immunology from math. Review of Virus Dynamics: Mathematic al Principl es of Immunology and Virology. by Martin A. Nowak and Robert M. May. Oxford: Oxford Univers ity Pre ss, 2000. Science 291, 992 3. P, Trussell J. (1993) : Marriage dissolution in Australia : model s and explanations. Population Studies, 47, 403-25 4. K. (1996) : Icons, strawmen and precision : reflections on demographic theories of fertility decline. The Sociol ogical Quarterly 37, 59-81 5. , Belanger, D. (1999) : L' etud e des unions en demo graphic: des categories aux proce ssus.

A final distinction that is breaking down is that between theory and modelling . Older texts on mathematical modelling and on social theory (as always , economics is an exception) have tended to occupy different worlds . l" The model-based view of scien ce, on the other hand , sees the mode l as the primary representational device in science, encapsulating its theoretical ideas . The theory/model distinction is blurred . And, given the complexity of many social and demographic systems, the theoretical tool of cho ice becomes computer modelling or simulation.

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Agent-Based Computational Demography: Using Simulation to Improve Our Understanding of Demographic Behaviour by Francesco C. Billari, Alexia Prskawetz


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