By Vera P. Moutafchieva
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Additional info for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries
Population growth, the recovery of the forces of production after the invasion, and the colonization of the Asiatic elements in Rumelia naturally contributed to an increase in feudal incomes in the Balkan lands. It should not be considered, however, that the initially established nominal incomes of the timars remained unchanged until the end of the period in question. The central government kept a strict watch over the growth of feudal income by means of the il-klztibi, every "ex-register" household was noted, and considered to be a reserve of the fisc for the formation of new timars, and, if necessary, for addition to already existing timars.
On the basis of practice until then, 2/10 divani and 1110 for the vakiJwas registered. The divan'i [portion] is a timar .... ' '141 Even in our own lands, where the system under discussion never existed legally, cases can be observed in which a part of the revenue of the vakiJ villages was gathered as a timar. For example, the raiyye from certain villages in the vakiJ of ~ehabeddin Pa§a in the Plovdiv district paid only one tax-ispenqe-to the sipahi. 142 Also, in the sixteenth century, another five villages were the vakiJ of Thrahim Pa§a.
They CHAPTER ONE 29 were usually people of entirely different backgrounds who had been brought together in ownership on the sultan's orders. 157 Another timar was held by three sipahis who had come to the area from Saruhan. 158 A third timar was granted to three persons; each of whom received about 800 akqe, in return for which, as stated in the register, "Pazarlu will serve in the fortress, Yanko as a gunner, and ~ahin will play the zurana. 159 It can be understood from the notes regarding the holders of the timars in Arvanidili that the practice of the mu~terek timar was even more widespread during the reign of Mehmet 1.
Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries by Vera P. Moutafchieva