By Nancy Shoemaker
Even supposing most of the people isn't really commonly conscious of this pattern, American Indian inhabitants has grown phenomenally in view that 1900, their demographic nadir. now not a vanishing race, Indians have rebounded to 1492 inhabitants estimates in 9 a long time. till now, such a lot examine has excited by catastrophic inhabitants decline, yet Nancy Shoemaker experiences how and why American Indians have recovered. Her research of the social, cultural, and monetary implications of the kinfolk and demographic styles fueling the restoration compares 5 diverse Indian teams: the Seneca state in manhattan nation, Cherokees in Oklahoma, crimson Lake Ojibways in Minnesota, Yakamas in Washington kingdom, and Navajos within the Southwest. Marshaling individual-level census info, Shoemaker locations American Indians in a huge social and cultural context and compares their demographic styles to these of Euroamericans and African american citizens within the United States.
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Extra info for American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century
Because 29 percent of the people identifying as racially Indian lived below the poverty line in 1980compared to 15 percent of non-Indian people with some Indian ancestrythe ambiguous boundary between racial and ethnic identity can have serious policy implications. Snipp's research showed that there is a large pool of people, mostly white, who are on the margins of an Indian identity. 1 American Indian Population, 19001980 identity have come from this pool of people. Their migration into the Indian race has changed the demographic characteristics of the Indian population by making Indians appear to be more like whites.
5. 1. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1. S. 2. Public Use Samples: 1900, 1910, and 19401980 111 Page XI Preface European settlement of the Americas initiated a devastating decline in the native population. In the area now lying within the United States, the American Indian population dropped from an estimated several million people to fewer than 250,000 in 1900. Except for a slight decrease in 1920, the Indian population has rapidly increased in the twentieth century, until now there are nearly two million Indians in the United States.
Since immigration for American Indians is negligible, the reasons for recent Indian popula- Page 5 tion growth must be changes in racial definitions, census procedures, and, most importantly, ethnic identity. The determination of who is "Indian" has a long history of ambiguity. " Most government programs and services use one-quarter "Indian blood'' to judge eligibility, and many Indian tribes have blood-quantum requirements for tribal enrollment. Before 1960 census enumerators classified race based on observation.
American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century by Nancy Shoemaker