By Rodrigo Zeledon, Charles B. Beard, J.C. Pinto Dias, David A Leiby, Patricia Dorn, Jose Rodrigues Coura
This identify severely reports previous and new literature, aid to create larger understanding of the ailment within the US and is helping within the evaluate of sure epidemiological and public overall healthiness issues.
During the 1st 1/2 the twentieth century, Chagas disorder was once assumed to be absent from the U.S. and regarded an unique affliction, until eventually the 1st indigenous situations have been stumbled on, virtually concurrently, in Texas, 1955. on the grounds that that point 4 indigenous instances were documented in numerous locations within the nation. even though the affliction remains to be thought of unusual within the US, this illness isn't longer an specific Latin American illness.
Physicians within the US are usually ignorant of the features of the illnesses, and are most probably overlooking in the neighborhood got circumstances. The inflow of an envisioned 300,000 Latin American immigrants with the Chagas parasite signifies that there's an pressing desire for physicians and public future health officers to turn into aware.
- Helps to create higher expertise of Chagas illness within the USA
- Helps to judge epidemiological and public healthiness issues
- Facilitates exact and beneficial destiny public healthiness interventions
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Additional resources for An Appraisal of the Status of Chagas Disease in the United States
Both the armadillo and the opossum strains grouped into zymodeme I, but the dog isolate pattern did not correspond to the reference stocks. 52 Rodrigo Zeledón et al. Clark and Pung (1994) proposed the term “ribodeme” to describe populations of a species that share the same riboprint pattern. They identified as ribodeme I the isolates from raccoon and T. sanguisuga, together with three Brazilian human isolates, and as ribodeme II the opossum isolate. Another human isolate from Brazil was classified as ribodeme III.
McKeever et al. (1958) isolated T. cruzi from the urine of infected opossums and suggested that other transmission methods, including through contaminated urine, may explain the high incidence of infection in this animal. Yaeger (1971) showed in the laboratory that opossums may become infected while eating infected bugs. An Appraisal of the Status of Chagas Disease in the United States. 00003-1 Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. 33 34 Rodrigo Zeledón et al. 1. Wild Animal Reservoirs of T.
By comparing IFAT and ELISA serological tests with blood cultures for the detection of raccoons infected with T. cruzi in southeast Georgia, Yabsley et al. (2001) found a 96% sensitivity of the two tests in detecting the 25 culture-positive samples (the serology failed only in one sample) out of 83 animals examined. The combination of both serological tests detected 42 infected animals (84%) out of 50 seropositive raccoons by either IFAT or ELISA tests. Of the 58 culture-negative animals, 19 (33%) were seropositive with both tests.
An Appraisal of the Status of Chagas Disease in the United States by Rodrigo Zeledon, Charles B. Beard, J.C. Pinto Dias, David A Leiby, Patricia Dorn, Jose Rodrigues Coura