By Monda Halpern
Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm ladies in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra revolutionary than their conservative picture has recommended. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm ladies adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that fascinated about values and reports linked to girls and that emphasised the variations among men and women, selling girl specificity, team spirit, and separatism. those rules have been trained by way of farm women's overlapping roles as better halves and unpaid farm labourers.
Because males mostly owned the "family farm", farm women's fiscal welfare depended principally at the soft negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been unusually outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated ladies in most cases. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm other halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly in the course of the domestic economics circulation and Women's Institutes. They dedicated themselves to non-public improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which persisted inspite of the dramatic adjustments in rural lifestyles at mid-century.
And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian historical past, women's background, and rural stories, in addition to to normal readers drawn to a ignored tale of Ontario's prior.
Read or Download And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 PDF
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Extra info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970
Her teeth go, and she cannot leave the babies long enough to have them attended to. … And all this comes in the nine or ten years which follow her courtship and marriage. Is it any wonder that many a young woman finds the change from girlhood to such strenuous wifehood too great for her mental or physical strength? She succumbs. She is laid away in the churchyard or she is taken to the asylum for the insane. … If she is dead they lay flowers on her grave. If she is insane, she gets care and rest: She is surrounded by green lawns and flowers.
113 With little or no provisions made for the daughter in her father’s will, farm daughters asked “and what of the girl? She is left wholly defenseless. … She must either marry or go to a factory or domestic service. … Think of the shame and disgrace of being forced into a marriage for the sake of a home. ” They suggested that if fathers “cannot leave their daughters enough to keep them, they should at least take a little and provide them with the means of learning some life-work. ”114 Both farm wives and daughters did more than lament their mistreatment by farm men.
Fm Page 37 Monday, August 27, 2001 8:37 AM 37 Gender Conflict on the Farm I consider woman’s work in the farm home as in the city home [to] be housekeeping and homemaking. She should neither be a hewer of wood nor a drawer of water, for her real work lies indoors, just as the farmer’s lies out of doors. 65 Generally speaking, there is a strong opinion in Canada against women undertaking manual work on a farm. Nothing which has happened so far during the war indicates that this opinion is to be changed.
And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970 by Monda Halpern