By C Warren Hollister
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Extra info for Anglo Saxon Military Institutions On The Eve of the Norman Conquest
One cannot help but be impressed with the bewildering diversity of custom in Anglo-Saxon England, and it would be hazardous indeed to assume without further investigation that the Berkshire practice represented a nation-wide system. For one thing, the nature 1 See Vinogradoff, Engl. , pp. 33-34. 2 Ibid. B. i. 56b, 172. g. i. 67, 375. Some historians would question my belief that these passages refer to the same sort of service as that described in the Berkshire passage. I discuss this issue in Chapter IV.
Yet despite these arguments I am convinced that the five-hide rule governed the system of military recruitment throughout most of Anglo-Saxon England outside the carucated region of the Danelaw. In the first place, the hide was normally regarded as a standard unit of assessment regardless of its size. It was a fiscal and military unit rather than an areal unit. Danegeld was customarily levied at the rate of 2s. per hide irrespective of the number of acres which the hide might contain. The same holds for the assessment 1De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae, ed.
6 Thus, whoever was obliged to pay the normal geld was obliged also to serve on frontier military campaigns. But whatever the origin of the cornage payment may have been, it was usually only one of several duties which the cornage tenant normally performed. B. i. 269b, 270. See Vinogradoff, Engl. , pp. 64-65, and Maitland, op. , p. 629. , pp. 629-30, 632; Boldon Buke, ed. , 1852), p. 36 and passim. On the general subject of Northumbrian thegnage, see Maitland, op. , pp. ; Vinogradoff, Engl. , pp.
Anglo Saxon Military Institutions On The Eve of the Norman Conquest by C Warren Hollister