Applied biomedical microbiology : a biofilms approach by Daryl S. Paulson PDF

By Daryl S. Paulson

ISBN-10: 084937569X

ISBN-13: 9780849375699

From the slippery protecting on rocks in a circulation, to the clogging slime in a bath drain, biofilms are found in way of life in a number of kinds. This probably innocuous build-up additionally debts for eighty percentage of all microbial infections. With chapters authored by way of skilled members from academia and undefined, Applied Biomedical Microbiology: A Biofilms process demonstrates powerful how one can wrestle the well-being and financial havoc that biofilms are wreaking, whereas additionally tapping into their confident power.

Replete with Tables and Illustrations, Many in Color

Under the editorial counsel of esteemed commercial microbiologist Dr. Daryl Paulson, this booklet provides an in-depth dialogue of medically not easy biofilms. It presents a superb origin within the uncomplicated microbiology of biofilms after which is going directly to talk about the biofilms linked to clinical units, catheters, and dental unit water traces in addition to those who impression cardiovascular drugs, the gastrointestinal method, periodontal sickness, and protracted wounds. This informative paintings concludes with an exploratory bankruptcy of some of the equipment used to enquire biofilms.

Applied Biomedical Microbiology: A Biofilms strategy presents key info basically and concisely – an invaluable consultant for environmental, nutrition, and water microbiologists in addition to biochemists, pharmaceutical scientists, and product and biofilm engineers.

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Autolysins are responsible for cleaving the bonds of the peptidoglycan layer so that new cell wall material can be added during growth. Interrupting the function of the autolysins can weaken the cell wall so that the cell is critically susceptible to osmotic pressure changes in the environment. Penicillin and cycloserine are examples of antibiotics that interfere with metabolic pathways involved in the production of new cell wall materials. Gram-positive bacteria replace cell wall materials in a random “patch as needed” process.

E. Oral microbial communities: Biofilms, interactions, and genetic systems. Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 54, 413, 2000. 10. M. Biofilms: Microbial life on surfaces. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 8, 881, 2002. 11. Stephens, C. Microbiology: Breaking down biofilms. Curr. Biol. 12, R132, 2002. 12. D. Dental biofilms: Difficult therapeutic targets. Periodontology 2000 28, 12, 2002. 13. D. Plaque as a biofilm: Pharmacological principles of drug delivery and action in the sub- and supragingival environment. Oral Diseases 9, 16, 2003.

Conjugative transposons are mobile elements that integrate into their hosts’ genome. They encode all of the necessary information for intracellular transposition and intercellular conjugation. Some conjugative transposons have a very broad host range. 3) [38], and it and its close relatives have been found in many oral bacteria, including the Streptococcus spp. [39–41], Veillonella spp. [42], and Fusobacterium nucleatum [43]. 3 Different Genera in Which Tn916-Like Elements Have Been Found or Introduced Acetobacterium Acholeplasma Actinobacillus Alcaligenes Bacillus Butyrivibrio Citrobacter Clostridium Enterococcus Escherichia Eubacterium Fusobacterium Haemophilus Lactobacillus Lactococcus Leuconostoc Listeria Mycoplasma Neisseria Peptostreptococcus Staphylococcus Streptococcus Thermus Veillonella Source: A  dapted, with the permission of the American Society for Microbiology, from [38].

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Applied biomedical microbiology : a biofilms approach by Daryl S. Paulson

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