By Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh
It is a entire advisor to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive clash within the jap Mediterranean among the 2 international Wars of the 20 th century. From the preliminary Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had performed for hundreds of years, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's tremendously effective formation of a countrywide govt and a standard military, this used to be a struggle that formed the geopolitical panorama of the Mediterranean to today. It gave delivery to the trendy Turkish country, displacing thousands and growing sour stories of atrocities dedicated by means of each side. Augmented with very infrequent pictures and lovely illustrations, this ground-breaking name explores the background, association, and visual appeal of the armies, either guerilla and standard, that fought during this bloody conflict.
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Additional info for Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22
One noted that a unit he saw were ‘splendid men wearing new spotless uniforms and Circassian caps’; another described troopers uniformly equipped with three ammunition bandoliers each. In 1922 one of the first units to enter Smyrna was reported to have worn black uniforms with a black fez bearing a red star-and-crescent on the front. g. yellow bars across green straps for infantry non-commissioned officers). When the Nationalist Army was formed in 1920 this system was discarded in favour of a new sequence, which was retained until 1924.
Most wore ex-Ottoman Army uniforms or new ones based on the old regulations. Nearly all equipment and weapons were pre-1918 Turkish, although there were reports of some Romanian sabres being given to the Nationalists by the Soviets. Several lancer regiments were in service by the end of the war, and one of these wore the peakless képi covered in black oilcloth with the star-and-crescent on the front (see Plate G3). Lances carried by these ‘unofficial’ lancers were ex-Ottoman pattern, but with black-over-red pennants instead of the previous plain red swallowtail.
During the campaign in the near-desert conditions of Anatolia such vehicles often proved unreliable and had to be abandoned. Many of them had served previously on the Macedonian front in 1917–18, and were in a poor state before they even arrived in Asia Minor. The Nationalist Army had very few motor vehicles at the start of the war apart from a handful of staff cars. From 1921 the Turks bought a number of trucks from the French and Italians, although the numbers reported in some sources are greatly exaggerated.
Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22 by Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh