By Rita Liljestrom
What are the long run clients of the fashionable kin? for a very long time the typical photo within the West has been to determine the , along with economically self sustaining spouses and their young children, because the normal consequence of the modernization procedure. because the hierarchies of patriarchal society vanish, a social order in keeping with equivalent and self reliant members prepared for self-realisation has been assumed. notwithstanding, excessive premiums of divorce, usually suggested family violence, youngsters left on their lonesome at an early age, don't harmonize rather well with this idealized picture. severe research of family members order in international locations on the contrary edges of the eu continent - Turkey and Sweden - methods those difficulties and makes an attempt to create a extra reasonable photograph of kin existence within the smooth international.
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Additional info for Autonomy and Dependence in the Family: Turkey and Sweden in Critical Perspective
However, psychology, reflecting the individualistic Western ethos, goes beyond this basic existential level in defining healthy human development as further separation of the self from others. Overlapping, connected selves are considered to lack autonomy, 28 AUTONOMY AND DEPENDENCE IN THE FAMILY even to be pathological. Yet, much cross-cultural research and observation points to closely knit human relations and connected selves to be the common pattern in most non-Western societies (for a review see Kağitçibaşi 1996a).
This 42 AUTONOMY AND DEPENDENCE IN THE FAMILY act still included some restrictions, but these were successively removed and finally abolished in 1884. The debates followed a pattern well known from other discussions on women’s questions. There were the rhetorical, ideological references to the doctrine of natural rights, which were also valid for women. But the decisive arguments were linked to the labour market. On the one hand, the minority status of female employees caused difficulties for employers, as women had to get permission from their guardians to take a job, which used to be a troublesome affair.
In a pamphlet from 1871, the relationship between spouses was characterized as follows: “Man and wife are one person, and this dual creature is represented by the man” (quote from Wahlström 1933, p. 188). In a popular way those words express the doctrine of the unity of married couples, which at that time was characteristic of the view of marriage (Banks 1986). According to this doctrine, the Marriage Law made the husband the spokesman of the wife in court, with the exception of criminal cases and internal marital conflicts.
Autonomy and Dependence in the Family: Turkey and Sweden in Critical Perspective by Rita Liljestrom